Austria – Austria, formally the Republic of European country, may be a country of nearly nine million individuals in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of state covers eighty 3,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi). The piece of land is extremely mountainous, lying at intervals the Alps; solely thirty second of the country is below five hundred m (1,640 ft), and its highest purpose is three,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks native Bavarian dialects as their linguistic communication, and German in its commonplace kind is that the country’s official language. Other native official languages square measure Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.
Belgium – Belgium, formally the dominion of European country, could be a country in Western Europe. It is decked by European nation to the north, Deutschland to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and also the North Sea to the northwest. It covers a region of thirty,688 sq. kilometres (11,849 sq mi) and encompasses a population of quite eleven.4 million. The capital and largest town is Brussels; alternative major cities square measure port, Ghent, city and Liège.
The sovereign state could be a federal constitutional autocracy with a parliamentary system.
Denmark – Denmark, authoritatively the Kingdom of Denmark is a Nordic nation and the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway and is circumscribed toward the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark additionally includes two self-sufficient constituent nations in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark appropriate comprises of a landmass, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands with the biggest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The brought together kingdom of Denmark developed in the tenth century as a capable nautical country in the battle for control of the Baltic Sea.
Czech Republic – The Czech Republic equally recognized by its short-structure name, Czechia is a non-coastal country in Central Europe bounded by Germany near the west, Austria near the south, Slovakia near the east and Poland near the northeast. The Czech Republic covers a region of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 sq mi) with a generally mild mainland atmosphere and maritime atmosphere. It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million occupants; its capital and biggest city is Prague, with 1.3 million inhabitants. Other significant urban areas are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen. The Czech Republic is an individual from the European Union (EU), NATO, the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.
Estonia – Estonia, authoritatively the Republic of Estonia is a nation in Northern Europe. It is circumscribed toward the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the opposite side, toward the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden on the opposite side, toward the south by Latvia (343 km), and toward the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). The domain of Estonia comprises of a territory and 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, covering an absolute zone of 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), water 2,839 km2 (1,096 sq mi), land zone 42,388 km2 (16,366 sq mi), and is impacted by a sticky mainland atmosphere. The official language of the nation, Estonian, is the second most spoken Finnic language.
Finland – Finland, formally the Republic of European country (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken European country (About this soundlisten to all))[note 1] could be a country in geographic area bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of European country, between Norway to the north, Scandinavian nation to the northwest, and Russia to the east. Finland could be a Nordic country and is placed within the countryside of Fennoscandia. The capital and largest city is Helsinki. Other major cities square measure city, Vantaa, Tampere, Oulu and Turku.
Finland’s population is five.52 million (2018), and also the majority of the population is focused within the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish and speaks Finnish, a Ural-Altaic unrelated to the Scandinavian languages; next return the Finland-Swedes (5.3%). Finland is that the eighth-largest country in Europe and also the most sparsely inhabited country within the European Economic Community.
France – France, is also a rustic whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and variety of different overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean to the English Channel and therefore the sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic. it’s edged by Kingdom of Belgium, Luxembourg and European country to the northeast, Schweiz and Italy to the east, and European nation and Kingdom of Spain to the south. The overseas territories embody French geographical region in South America and a number of other islands within the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s eighteen integral regions (five of that ar placed overseas) span a combined space of 643,801 sq. kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a complete population of sixty-seven.3 million (as of Oct 2018). France, a sovereign state, may be a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country’s largest town and main cultural and industrial centre. different major urban areas embody Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
Germany – Germany, formally the Federal Republic of Germany is a nation in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas toward the north, and the Alps toward the south. It outskirts Scandinavian country toward the north, European nation and also the European nation toward the east, European country and Schweiz toward the south, France toward the southwest, and Luxembourg, European nation and also the Netherlands toward the west.
Germany incorporates 16 constituent states, covers a region of 357,386 square kilometers (137,988 sq mi), and has a to a great extent mild occasional atmosphere. With 83 million occupants, it is the second most crowded territory of Europe after Russia, the most crowded state lying altogether in Europe, just as the most crowded part condition of the European Union. Germany is an exceptionally decentralized nation. Its capital and largest town is Berlin, whereas city fills in as its cash connected capital and has the nation’s busiest aeroplane terminal. Germany’s biggest urban zone is the Ruhr, with its principle focuses of Dortmund and Essen. The nation’s other significant urban communities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
Greece – Greece, verifiably otherwise called Hellas, is a nation situated in Southern and Southeast Europe, with a populace of roughly 11 million starting at 2016. Athens is that the country’s capital and largest town, trailed by Thessaloniki.
Greece is located at the intersection of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Arranged on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land outskirts with Albania toward the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria toward the north, and Turkey toward the upper east. The sea deceives the east of the piece of land, the Ionian Sea toward the west, the European ocean and also the Mediterranean toward the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the eleventh longest coastline on the planet at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) long, including countless, of which 227 are possessed. 80% of Greece is precipitous, with Mount Olympus being the most elevated top at 2,918 meters (9,573 ft). The nation comprises of nine geographic areas: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (counting the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands.
Hungary – Hungarians, additionally called Magyars are a nation and ethnos native to Republic of Hungary and historical Hungarian lands World Health Organization share a typical culture, history and speak the Hungarian language. Hungarians belong to the Ural-Altaic speaking peoples. There ar associate calculable fourteen.2–14.5 million ethnic Hungarians and their descendants worldwide, of whom 9.6 million sleep in today’s Republic of Hungary (as of 2016). regarding a pair of.2 million Hungarians sleep in aras that were a part of the dominion of Republic of Hungary before the pact of Trianon and are currently components of Hungary’s seven neighbouring countries, particularly Slovak Republic, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Republic of Austria. important teams of individuals with Hungarian ancestry sleep in numerous different components of the planet, most of them within the us, Canada, Germany, France, the uk, Brazil, Australia, and Argentina.
Iceland – Iceland could be a Nordic island country within the Atlantic, with a people of 348,580 and a region of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq. mi), creating it the most meagrely populated nation in Europe. The capital and biggest city is Reykjavík, with Reykjavík and the surround Iceland is a Nordic island nation in the North Atlantic, with a populace of 348,580 and a zone of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq. mi), making it the most inadequately populated nation in Europe.
Italy – Italy, formally the Italian Republic is a nation in Southern and Western Europe. Situated amidst the Mediterranean, European country shares open land fringes with France, Swiss Confederation, Austria, European nation and also the enclaved microstates San Grammatist Marino and urban centre. Italy covers a territory of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq. mi) and has a generally calm regular and Mediterranean atmosphere. With around 61 million occupants, it is the fourth-most crowded EU part state and the most crowded nation in Southern Europe.
Latvia – Latvia authoritatively the Republic of Latvia is a nation in the Baltic area of Northern Europe. Since its autonomy, Latvia has been alluded to as one of the Baltic states. It is circumscribed by Estonia toward the north, Lithuania toward the south, Russia toward the east, and Belarus toward the southeast, and offers an oceanic fringe with Sweden toward the west. Latvia has 1,957,200 inhabitants and a domain of 64,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi). The nation has a calm occasional climate.
Following quite a while of Swedish, Polish and Russian principle, a standard for the most part executed by the Baltic German gentry, the Republic of Latvia was set up on 18 November 1918 when it split away and announced freedom in the repercussions of World War I. However, by the 1930s the nation turned out to be progressively dictatorial after the overthrow in 1934 building up a tyrant routine under Karlis Ulmanis. The nation’s true freedom was hindered at the start of World War II, starting with Latvia’s persuasive consolidation into the Soviet Union, trailed by the intrusion and occupation by Nazi Germany in 1941, and the re-occupation by the Soviets in 1944 (Courland Pocket in 1945) to frame the Latvian SSR for the following 45 years.
Liechtenstein – Liechtenstein authoritatively the Principality of Liechtenstein is a doubly landlocked German-talking micro state in Alpine Central Europe. The territory is a protected government headed by the Prince of Liechtenstein. Liechtenstein is flanked by Switzerland toward the west and south and Austria toward the east and north. It is Europe’s fourth-littlest nation, with a territory of a little more than 160 square kilometres (62 square miles) and a populace of 37,877. Divided into 11 regions, its capital is Vaduz, and its biggest district is Schaan. It is additionally the littlest nation to fringe two countries. Financially, Liechtenstein has one of the most astounding gross residential items per individual on the planet when balanced for obtaining power parity. It was once known as an extremely rich person assessment shelter yet is no longer on any boycotts of uncooperative duty safe house nations (see tax assessment area).
Lithuania – Lithuania, formally the Republic of Lithuania is a nation in the Baltic area of Europe. Since its freedom, Lithuania is viewed as one of the Baltic states. It is arranged along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, toward the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is circumscribed by Latvia toward the north, Belarus toward the east and south, Poland toward the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) toward the southwest. Lithuania has an expected populace of 2.7 million individuals starting at 2019, and its capital and biggest city is Vilnius. Other significant urban areas are Kaunas and Klaipėda. Lithuanians are Baltic individuals. The official language, Lithuanian, alongside Latvian, is one of just two living dialects in the Baltic part of the Indo-European language family.
Luxemburg – Luxembourg, authoritatively the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a little landlocked nation in western Europe. It is circumscribed by Belgium toward the west and north, Germany toward the east, and France toward the south. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the three authority capitals of the European Union (together with Brussels and Strasbourg) and the seat of the European Court of Justice, the most elevated legal expert in the EU. Its way of life, individuals, and dialects are exceedingly interlaced with its neighbors, making it basically a blend of French and German societies, as obvious by the country’s three authority dialects: French, German, and the national language, Luxembourgian (some of the time thought about a vernacular of German). The rehashed intrusions by Germany, particularly in World War II, brought about the nation’s solid will for intercession among France and Germany and, in addition to other things, prompted the establishment of the European Union.
Malta – Malta magisterially cited because the Republic of Malta may well be a Southern European island nation comprising of academic degree physical object at intervals the Mediterranean Sea. It lies eighty metric linear unit (50 mi) south of Italy, 284 metric linear unit (176 mi) east of African country and 333 metric linear unit (207 mi) north of African nation. With a populace of about 475,000 over a territory of 316 km2 (122 sq mi),Malta is the world’s tenth littlest and fifth most thickly populated nation. Its capital is Valletta, which is the littlest national capital in the European Union by zone at 0.8 km.2 The official dialects are Maltese and English, with Maltese formally perceived as the national language and the main Semitic language in the European Union.
Netherlands – The Netherlands is a nation found for the most part in Northwestern Europe. The European little bit of Holland includes of twelve separate areas that fringe Federal Republic of Germany toward the east, Belgium toward the south, and therefore the North Sea toward the northwest, with sea fringes in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Including three island domains in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it frames a constituent nation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, however an auxiliary authority language in the area of Friesland is West Frisian.
Norway – Norway or About this soundNoreg Northern Sami: Norga; Southern Sami: Noorje; Lule Sami: Vuodna), formally the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic nation in Northwestern Europe whose region contains the western and northernmost bit of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are additionally part of the Kingdom of Norway.
Poland – Poland formally the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska is a nation situated in Central Europe. It is isolated into 16 authoritative subdivisions, covering a territory of 312,696 square kilometers (120,733 sq mi), and has a to a great extent mild regular climate. With a populace of roughly 38.5 million individuals, Poland is the 6th most crowded part condition of the European Union. Poland’s capital and biggest city is Warsaw. Other real urban areas incorporate Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Portugal – Portugal authoritatively the Portuguese Republic is a nation found for the most part on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign condition of territory Europe. It is circumscribed toward the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and toward the north and east by Spain. Its region likewise incorporates the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both self-ruling locales with their own territorial governments. The pre-Celtic individuals, Celts, Carthaginians and Romans were trailed by the intrusions of the Visigoths and Suebi Germanic people groups. Portugal as a nation was set up amid the Christian Reconquista against the Moors who had attacked the Iberian Peninsula in 711 AD. Established in 868, the County of Portugal picked up freedom after the Battle of São Mamede in 1128. The Kingdom of Portugal was declared after the Battle of Ourique in 1139 and was perceived by the neighboring kingdoms by the Treaty of Zamora in 1143.
Slovakia – Slovakia formally the European nation (Slovak: Slovenská republika, regarding this soundlisten (help·info)), may be a inland nation in Central Europe. it’s circumscribed by Poland toward the north, country toward the east, Hungary toward the south, Austria toward the west, and the Czech Republic toward the northwest. Slovakia’s region ranges around 49,000 square kilometers (19,000 sq mi) and is for the most part hilly. The populace is over 5.4 million and comprises for the most part of Slovaks. The capital and biggest city is Bratislava, and the second biggest city is Košice. The official language is Slovak.
Slovenia – Slovenia authoritatively the Republic of Slovenia Slovene: About this soundn Republika Slovenia is a sovereign state situated in southern Central Europe at a junction of essential European social and exchange courses. It is flanked by Italy toward the west, Austria toward the north, Hungary toward the upper east, Croatia toward the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea toward the southwest. It covers 20,273 square kilometers (7,827 sq mi) and has a populace of 2.07 million.
Spain – Spain officially [dubious – discuss] the Kingdom of Spain is a nation for the most part situated on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. Its domain additionally incorporates two archipelagos: the Canary Islands off the shoreline of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla make Spain the main European nation to have a physical fringe with an African nation (Morocco).[h] Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are likewise part of A Spanish area. The nation’s territory is circumscribed toward the south and east by the Mediterranean apart from a bit land limit with Gibraltar; toward the north and higher east by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and toward the west and northwest by European country and also the Atlantic.
Sweden – Sweden formally the dominion of Sweden may be a Scandinavian Nordic nation in geographical region. Its outskirts Norway toward the west and north and Finland toward the east, and is related to Kingdom of Denmark within the southwest by a scaffold burrow over the Oresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish fringe. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq. mi), Sweden is the biggest nation in Northern Europe, the third-biggest nation in the European Union and the fifth biggest nation in Europe by territory. Sweden has an absolute populace of 10.2 million of which 2.4 million has an outside background.
Switzerland – Switzerland, authoritatively the Swiss Confederation, is a nation arranged in western, focal and southern Europe. It comprises of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the government authorities. The sovereign state is a bureaucratic republic flanked by Italy toward the south, France toward the west, European nation toward the north, and European country and European nation toward the east. Switzerland is a landlocked nation topographically isolated between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spreading over a complete zone of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq. mi) (land region 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq. mi)).