Agra could be a town on the banks of the watercourse Yamuna within the northern state of state, India. It is 378 kilometres (235 mi) west of the capital, Lucknow, 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the municipality city, fifty-eight kilometres (31 mi) south of Mathura and one hundred twenty-five kilometres (78 mi) north of Gwalior. Agra is one amongst the foremost inhabited cities in state, and the 24th most populous in India.
Agra can be a significant tourer destination as a result of its many Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, all of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Agra is enclosed on the Golden Triangle tourer circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur; and the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc, tourist circuit of UP state, along Lucknow and Varanasi. Agra falls within the Braj cultural region.
The region around the stylish city was initial mentioned inside the epic Mahabharata, where it was called Agrevaṇa (derived from Sanskrit meaning “the border of the forest”).
However, the 11th-century Persian author Mas’ud Sa’d Salmān writes of a desperate assault on the defense of city, then held by the Shahi King Jayapala, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. It was mentioned for the primary time in 1080 AD once a Ghaznavide force captured it. Sultan Sikandar Lodī (1488–1517) was the primary to maneuver his capital from city to city in 1506. He ruled the country from here and city assumed the importance of the second capital. He died in 1517 and his son, Ibrahim Lodi, remained in power there for 9 a lot of years and several other palaces, wells and a house of prayer were designed by him in the fort throughout his amount, finally being defeated at the Battle of battle of Panipat in 1526. Between 1540 and 1556, Afghans, starting with Sher Shah of Iran Suri dominated the realm. It called as the capital of the Mughal Emperor for 92 years from 1556 to 1648.
Tourism in Agra, Agra is one of the most famous tour places every year thousands of people come here to see the beauty of the Taj Mahal, the Monument in Agra.
The Taj Mahal is one in every of the foremost celebrated buildings within the world, the sepulchre of Shah of Iran Jahan’s favourite woman, Mumtaz Mahal. it’s one in every of the New Seven Wonders of the globe, and one in every of the 3 World Heritage Sites in urban centre. urban centre is often known because the “City of Taj”.
Completed in 1653, the Taj Mahal was designed by the Mughal king Shah Jahan because the final resting place for his beloved woman, Mumtaz Mahal. Finished in marble, it’s one in every of India’s several stunning monuments and is ready amidst improved gardens. designed by the Persian creator, Ustad ‘lsa, the Taj Mahal is on the south bank of the Yamuna watercourse. It ar usually discovered from municipality Fort from where Emperor Shah Jahan gazed at it for the last eight years of his life, a captive of his son Aurangzeb. Verses of the Quran area unit inscribed thereon and at the highest of the gate area unit twenty-two little domes, signifying the quantity of years the monument took to create. The Taj Mahal was designed on a marble platform that stands on top of an arenaceous rock one. the foremost elegant dome of the Taj Mahal contains a diameter of sixty feet (18 m) and rises to a height of eighty feet (24 m); directly below this dome is that the grave of Mumtaz Mahal. Shah of Iran Jahan’s grave was erected next to hers by his son Aurangzeb. The interiors area unit embellished with fine inlay work, incorporating semi-precious stones.
Agra Fort, was commissioned by the conquering Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great in 1565, and is another of Agra’s World Heritage Sites. A stone pill at the gate of the Fort states that it had been designed before a thousand however was later restored by Akbar. The red stone fort was regenerate into a palace throughout Shah Jahan’s time, and reworked extensively with marble and representation membrane inlay. Notable buildings inside the fort embody the Pearl house of prayer or Moti house of prayer, the Dewan-e-‘Am and Dewan-e-Khas (halls of public and personal audience), Jahangir’s Palace, khas Mahal, Shish Mahal (mirrored palace), and the Musalman Burj.
The forbidding exteriors of this fort conceal associate degree inner paradise. The fort is crescent formed, two-dimensional on the east with a protracted, nearly straight wall facing the river. It has a complete perimeter of two.4 kilometres (1.5 mi) and is ringed by double crenelated ramparts of red arenaceous rock punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. A fosse nine metres (30 ft) wide and ten metres (33 ft) deep surrounds the outer wall.
Chhatrapati Shivaji visited the Agra Fort, as a result of the conditions of the Treaty of Purandar entered into with Mirza Raja Jaisingh to meet Aurangzeb in the Dewan-e-Khas (Special Audience Chamber). In the audience he was deliberately placed behind men of lower status. An abused Shivaji stormed out of the imperial audience and was confined to Jai Sing’s quarters on twelve would possibly 1666. Fearing the dungeons and execution he at liberty on seventeen August 1666.
The fort may be a typical example of Mughal design, effectively showing however the North Indian form of fort construction differed from that of the South. In the South, the bulk of forts were designed on the Davy Jones just like the one at Bekal in Kerala.
Fatehpur Sikri, The Mughal Emperor Akbar designed Fatehpur Sikri concerning thirty-five klick (22 mi) from city, and enraptured his capital there. Later abandoned, the positioning displays variety of buildings of serious historical importance. A World Heritage website, it’s usually visited by tourists. The name of the place passed off when the Mughal Emperor fictional character defeated genus Rana Sanga in a very battle at an area referred to as Sikri (about forty kilometer from Agra).